Persecution of Jews

The uncontrolled mob violence against Jews in Vienna in the days following the Anschluss was replaced by a more orderly, bureaucratic process that used legal authority to systematically deprive Jews of their livelihoods and possessions, and encouraged emigration. The chief architect of this process was Adolf Eichmann, who set up the Office for Jewish Emigration in the autumn of 1938. About 140,000 Jewish Austrians left the country. 65,000 became victims of the Holocaust.

Removing the luggage of deported persons

Removing the luggage of deported persons

Eichmann in Vienna

Eichmann in Vienna

"[Kurt] told Ellie about what had happened to his relatives in Vienna after the Anschluss. Within hours of the German entry into the country Leopoldstadt had been invaded by hordes of young men shouting Sieg heil! and Jude verrecke! and other crazed, angry slogans. Many were in the brown shirts and uniforms of the SA, roaming around the streets smashing shop windows, breaking into houses, stealing property, beating up Jews and terrorising them, a real witches’ Sabbath. His father had been caught on the street by a bunch of these thugs and had been forced to perform physical exercises, crouching down, standing up, crouching down, standing up, until he could raise himself no more, all the time surrounded by the brownshirts, with an outer ring of onlookers who watched half horrified, half with pleasure, at the sight." Interrogating Ellie.

Jews forced to scrub street in Vienna 1938

Jews forced to scrub street in Vienna 1938

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